2 edition of Patterns of pesticide use and reduction in use as related to social and economic factors. found in the catalog.
Patterns of pesticide use and reduction in use as related to social and economic factors.
United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Water Programs. Water Quality and Non-Point Source Control Division.
by For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington
Written in English
|Series||Pesticide study series -- 10.|
|Contributions||United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iv, 172 p.|
|Number of Pages||172|
Eliminate unjustified pesticide use using an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach. Increase use of non-chemical pest management and A pest management plan is defined to help with this step and to take a proactive approach to pest management and use alternative measures to control the development of pests and diseases. Methods. We calculated age-standardised rates of pesticide suicide in South Korea (–) using registered death data. We used graphical approach and joinpoint regression analysis to examine secular trends in pesticide suicide by sex, age and area, and a time-series analysis to investigate association of pesticide suicide rate with socioeconomic and agriculture-related factors.
In , Rachel Carson published the book “Silent Spring”, in which she mentioned problems that could arise from the indiscriminate use of pesticides. This book inspired widespread concern about the impact of pesticides on the human health and the by: Temperature, light, moisture, bacteria, pH, etc., all affect pesticides in different ways and cause them to break down at varying rates. The point is, pesticide breakdown, thus half-life, is dependent on many and varying factors when applied under normal use conditions. Some pesticides are more stable than others under the same conditions.
The Economic Impact of Banning Lawn and Garden Pesticides: Today, Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have all banned the sale and use (to varying degrees) of lawn care pesticides, the justification being that chemical should be treated as guilty before proven innocent. This is known as the precautionary principle. Northern European countries (Denmark, Sweden, and Netherlands) have legislated a 50% reduction by the year for farm uses of chemical pesticides. Switzerland pays farmers large subsidies to farm organically and provides minimal or no subsidies to farmers who use chemical pesticides in their crop-production.
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PESTICIDES STUDY SERIES - 10 PATTERNS OF PESTICIDE USE AND REDUCTION IN USE AS RELATED TO SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS This study is the result of an interagency agreement made by OWP as part of the Pesticides Study (Section 5(1) (2) P.L. ) with the Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture.
Additional Physical Format: Online version: Patterns of pesticide use and reduction in use as related to social and economic factors. Washington, DC:. Techniques for Reducing Pesticide Use: Economic and Environmental Benefits [Pimentel, David] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Techniques for Reducing Pesticide Use: Economic and Environmental Benefits. The major economic and environmental losses due to the application of pesticides in the USA were: public health, $ billion year; pesticide resistance in pests, $ billion; crop losses caused by pesticides, $ billion; bird losses due to pesticides, $ billion; and groundwater contamination, $ billion.
management (1PM) practices that use insecticides moreselectively (2). Fungicide use has remained relatively stable during the s and s. Most fungicides, which affect quality, storability, and yield, are used onfruits andvegetables.
Pesticide use varies by crop, pest, andlocation. Estimated pesti-cide costis approximately3%ofthe gross. Sweden also approved a program in to reduce pesticide use by 50% within 5 years (NBA, ). The Netherlands is developing a program to reduce pesticide use 50% in 10 years (Süddeutsche Zeitung, ).
These proposals, along with Huffaker’s () assessment that the United States overuses pesticides, Cited by: Pesticide Programme identified a need for tools to analyse the economic consequences of pesticide use and risk reduction. The Workshop on Integrated Pest Management and Pesticide Risk Reduction, held in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, recommended that governments analyse and make transparent the costs and benefits of different pest control.
Pesticide Use Sites and Major Use Patterns The Pesticide Use Site Index will help a company (or other applicant) identify which data requirements are needed to register a pesticide product. The documents on this page provide pesticide use site information sorted by the site term or by the crop group (the first two files) and then the main use patterns, such as "aquatic food use.".
report will generate more support for IPM/pesticide risk reduction community education work as to. enable the many millions of smallholder farm families and their rural communities to reduce risks related.
to distribution and use of agro-chemicals. The use of pesticides crosses the economic threshold when the cost of the crops are sprayed with a pesticide before there is evidence of crop damage. Farmers who regularly experience pests that cause catastrophic damage once infestation occurs, may benefit from insurance spraying, in which.
Increases in pesticide use over the last 10 years are due for the most part to increases in the use of fungicides and other pesticides, mainly soil fumigants, on potatoes and other vegetables (Padgitt et al., ).
Increases in pesticide use for a given crop can be the result of additional acreage being planted. icy of pesticide use, these environmental and economic costs must be exam-ined. For several decades, the US Environmental Protection Agency pointed out the need for such a beneﬁt/cost and risk investigation (EPA, ).
Thus far, only a few scientiﬁc papers on this complex and diﬃcult subject have been published. Public health eﬀects. The application of pesticides was justified due to social and economic consideration, when food security was the major concern.
However, these estimates were made without any regard for the environmental and human health effects of pesticide use. Protection of crop losses/yield reduction.
In medium land, rice even under puddle conditions during the critical period warranted an effective and economic weed control practice to prevent reduction in rice yield due to weeds that ranged from 28 to 48%, based on comparisons that included control (weedy) plots (Behera and Singh, ).Weeds reduce yield of dry land crops Cited by: The economic effects in the agricultural sector of regulatory actions taken pursuant to the Delaney Clause will depend on a number of factors.
These include the availability of effective currently registered alternative chemicals and the extent and success of chemical and nonchemical new product innovation in pest control. This chapter examines the innovation. Evaluating the economic benefits of pesticide usage.
Agric. Eco- systems Environ., 9: In regulating the use of a pesticide, one critical element taken into consideration by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is the magnitude of the benefits provided by the by: 2.
An obvious need for an updated and comprehensive study prompted this investigation of the complex of environmental and economic costs resulting from the nation’s dependence on pesticides.
Committee on Scientific and Regulatory Issues Underlying Pesticide Use Patterns and Agricultural Innovation. PAN-Europe. Pesticide use Cited by: discussion of alternatives to pesticide use. Estimated agricultural benefits/costs with a reduction in pesticide use A reduction in US pesticide use would require improving the efficiency of pesticide application technology supported by alternatives for chemical pest control.
Factors Affecting Pesticide Behavior Figure 1. Most pesticides have different persistence durations because they have different active and inactive ingredients. Pesticide Persistence *28_Williams Pests&Diseases 8/24/06 PM Page File Size: 3MB.
Pesticides. Through the ages, it seems increasingly that people find a need to minimize the damage of pests with the use of pesticide chemicals and by other means .Of the many examples of how pests have impacted human society, one of the most infamous is the Black Plague in Europe in the 14th century, when millions of people died from mysterious by:.
pest management practices, patterns of input use, and economic returns in produc-tion. This study also evaluated the extent of adoption of IPM practices and the initial economic and social impacts of such adoption. A personal interview survey, based on Cited by: Economic impacts of reduced pesticide use in the United States: Measurement of costs and benefits (AFPC policy issues paper) [Ronald D Knutson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.A study assessing the global economic and environmental impacts of biotech crops for the first twenty one years () of adoption showed that the technology has reduced pesticide spraying by million kg and has reduced environmental footprint associated with pesticide use .